Financial modelling is an analytical tool that has become increasingly important in modern-day finance. In simple terms, financial modelling refers to the process of creating a summary of a client’s expenses and earnings that can be used to calculate the impact of a future event or decision. 

This summary is then used to provide financial advice that helps clients make informed decisions about their investments and financial planning.

As a service, the importance of financial modelling lies in its ability to provide insights and support decision-making in various industries, such as investment banking, corporate finance, and portfolio management. Financial models help businesses evaluate the potential impact of different scenarios and make informed decisions that can affect the company’s financial health. 

Financial modelling is also used in risk management, budgeting, and forecasting, making it a critical skill for finance professionals.

Types of financial modelling

There are various types of financial models, each with a specific purpose and approach. By understanding the different types of financial models, you can select the most appropriate type of model for your specific needs and effectively use financial models to support your decision-making processes.

Budget models:

A budget model is a financial model used to create a budget for a business or individual. It involves forecasting the income and expenses of the business or individual over a specific period, such as a year or a quarter. Budget models are used to set financial goals, identify potential issues, and make adjustments to the budget as needed.

Valuation models: 

A valuation model is a financial model used to determine the value of an asset, such as a company, stock, or real estate property. Valuation models use a variety of financial metrics, such as earnings, cash flow, and growth rates, to estimate the value of the asset. Valuation models are used in mergers and acquisitions, investment analysis, and financial reporting.

Forecasting models:

A forecasting model is a financial model used to make predictions about future outcomes based on historical data and assumptions. Forecasting models can be used to predict sales, revenue, expenses, and other financial metrics. Forecasting models are used in budgeting, financial planning, and risk management.

Scenario analysis models: 

A scenario analysis model is a financial model used to evaluate the impact of different scenarios on a business or investment. Scenario analysis models use assumptions and variables to create simulations of potential scenarios, such as changes in market conditions, interest rates, or regulatory environments. Scenario analysis models are used in risk management, investment analysis, and strategic planning.

How to create a financial model

Creating a financial model can be a complex process that involves several steps. Here are the key steps to creating a financial model:

1. Defining the problem: 

The first step in creating a financial model is to define the problem or question that you want to answer. This involves identifying the specific financial metric or scenario that you want to model, such as revenue projections or the impact of new investment.

2. Collecting data: 

The next step is to collect the data that you will need to create the model. This can include financial statements, market research data, and other relevant information.

3. Selecting a model type: 

Once you have the necessary data, you need to select the appropriate type of financial model for your problem. This involves considering the specific financial metric or scenario you are modelling, as well as the level of complexity and detail required.

4. Developing assumptions: 

The next step is to develop the assumptions that you will use to create the model. This involves making informed estimates about future trends and outcomes based on the available data.

5. Building the model: 

After defining the problem, collecting the data, selecting the model type, and developing the assumptions, you can begin building the model. This involves using specialized software or programming tools to create a mathematical representation of the financial scenario you are modelling.

6. Testing the model: 

Once the model is built, you need to test it to ensure that it is accurate and reliable. This involves running simulations and sensitivity analyses to identify potential flaws and errors in the model.

7. Presenting the results: 

Finally, you need to present the results of the financial model to stakeholders, such as investors, managers, or clients. This involves communicating the insights and conclusions derived from the model in a clear and understandable way.

Key Skills for Financial Modelling

Quantitative skills: 

Financial modelling involves working with complex numerical data and mathematical concepts. Therefore, strong quantitative skills are essential to creating accurate and reliable financial models. This includes proficiency in statistics, algebra, and calculus.

Critical thinking: 

Financial modelling involves making assumptions and interpreting data to make predictions about future outcomes. Therefore, critical thinking skills are essential to evaluate the accuracy and relevance of the data used in the model, as well as to identify potential risks and uncertainties.

Attention to detail: 

Financial modelling requires a high level of accuracy and attention to detail. A small mistake or oversight in the model can have significant consequences for the outcomes and conclusions derived from the model.

Communication skills: 

Financial modelling involves presenting complex data and insights to stakeholders who may not have a background in finance or mathematics. Therefore, strong communication skills are essential to explain the model and its results in a clear and understandable way.

Help with financial modelling

Financial modelling is a crucial tool for decision-making in various financial contexts. It involves creating a summary of a client’s expenses and earnings that can be used to calculate the impact of a future event or decision. Financial modelling requires a combination of technical and soft skills, including quantitative skills, critical thinking, attention to detail, and communication skills.

At One Degree Paraplanning, we understand the importance of accurate and reliable financial modelling to support informed decision-making processes. Our vast paraplanning experience and expertise in using software like XTools+ allow us to deliver customised financial modelling solutions that meet your compliance needs, business rules, and style preferences.

By choosing One Degree Paraplanning for your outsourced financial modelling services, you can access our years of professional experience, expertise, and best modelling software available, at a fraction of the cost of obtaining a software licence yourself. Contact us today to learn more about our financial modelling services and how we can support your business needs.